The False Allure of Moral Relativism

Wait a minute? So, where’d we land on the moral question — on matters of right and wrong? Is there anywhere for us to stand to make such judgments? I admit that, because our behaviors are conjectured, there appears to be no place from which we can stand to judge the...
Freedom is the Path

Freedom is the Path

Natural Laws vs Social Laws Before cultures clashed, our social behaviors – rituals and traditions – would have seemed as natural as the seasons: each are controlled by the gods, or nature. So, there wasn’t really reason to question the social...
Critical Rationalism

Critical Rationalism

Schools & Traditions Essentially every civilization throughout history has created a dogmatic school in which the main task is to pass on the doctrine of its founder intact to each new generation. And, in the rare event a person criticized the doctrine or proposed...
The Humble Giant: In Loving Memory of Karl Popper

The Humble Giant: In Loving Memory of Karl Popper

There’s a straightforward path to philosophy. That is, we each have prejudices — racial prejudices, class prejudices, religious prejudices, sexual prejudices, academic prejudices, the list goes on. And the important thing about philosophy is that it criticize these...
The Essence of Aristotle’s Arrogance: The Failures of Ultimate Explanation

The Essence of Aristotle’s Arrogance: The Failures of Ultimate Explanation

The earliest Greek philosophers didn’t really ask ‘what is?’ questions. Rather than quibble over the meaning of words, they tried to solve specific problems by creating bold explanatory theories. And, if critical discussion revealed that an explanation drew untenable...
Space of Possibility

Space of Possibility

The Space of Possibility contains every friend and loved one, every beast and critter, every gizmo and gadget, every feeling of love and compassion, every child’s laughter and newborn baby’s cry, every taste of coffee and smell of freshly baked bread, every thought...